Artefact is an object made by a person, and is normally of historical or cultural interest.
It can also be something observed in a scientific investigation or experiment that is not naturally present but occurs as a result some kind of procedure.
Example: "The odd pixelation effect is caused by the compression being set too high" -or- "the curvature of the surface is an artefact of the wide-angle view"
The term appeared in the early 19th century from the Latin words 'arte' (by or using art) and 'factum' (something made). These days many artefacts can be seen in The Natural History museum (Kensington), The Museum of London (Barbican) and The Victoria and Albert museum (Kensington).
Examples include stone tools, pottery vessels, metal like as weapons and items of personal adornment such as buttons, jewellery and clothing. Bones that show signs of human modification are also good examples.
There are six types of artefact according to the materials used :-
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